Texas at that time was sparsely inhabited, having been neglected by Spain in the years prior to the revolution.The newly formed Mexican government therefore allowed US citizens to settle there.These citizens did not adopt the Mexican language or culture and in 1829 when Mexico abolished slavery they found they could not enforce the law in the area now known as Texas.
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In 1845, Texas was taken into the US, leading to the Mexican-American war.
This ended with the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in 1848 and resulted in the loss of Texas and part of California to the US.
Cinco de Mayo, which is commonly thought of in the US as Mexican independence day, happened in 1862 and celebrates the victory of the Mexican army over the occupational French forces.
Originally inhabited by many different ethnic groups from which you can mention the Mayas, Zapotec, Aztec and others, Mexico, like much of South and Central America, was colonized by the Spanish, being occupied from 1521-1810.
Colonization led to both the acquisition of Spanish culture and the loss of great part of the Aztec culture, with the present day culture being a melange of the two.
Mexican independence occurred September 16, 1810 and was sparked by the Napoleonic threat to acquire what was then "New Spain".
Afraid of losing their emerging culture, the "criollos" (descendants of the Spaniards born in Mexico) and the "mestizos" (descendants of the Spanish and Indian intermarriages) united in a movement known as "Los Insurgentes" which eventually overthrew Spain.
Mexico is bordered to the North by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California.
To the South it is bordered by Guatemala and Belize. km which is slightly less than three times the size of Texas.
To the East is the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. The climate varies from tropical to desert and the terrain includes high rugged mountains, deserts, low coastal plains and high plateaus.
Mexico is made up of 31 states and has Mexico city as its capital.