, plural: pysanky) is a Ukrainian Easter egg, decorated with traditional Ukrainian folk designs using a wax-resist (batik) method.The word pysanka comes from the verb pysaty, "to write", as the designs are not painted on, but written with beeswax.
Several other types of decorated eggs are seen in Ukrainian tradition, and these vary throughout the regions of Ukraine.
All but the krashanky and lystovky are usually meant to be decorative (as opposed to edible), and the egg yolk and white are either allowed to dry up over time, or (in modern times) removed by blowing them out through a small hole in the egg.
No ancient examples of intact pysanky exist, as the eggshells of domesticated fowl are fragile, but fragments of colored shells with wax-resist decoration on them were unearthed during the archaeological excavations in Ostrówek, Poland, (near the city of Opole), where remnants of a Slavic settlement from the early Piast Era were found.
As in many ancient cultures, Ukrainians worshipped a sun god, Dazhboh.
The sun was important - it warmed the earth and thus was a source of all life.
Eggs decorated with nature symbols became an integral part of spring rituals, serving as benevolent talismans.
In pre-Christian times, Dazhboh was one of the major deities in the Slavic pantheon; birds were the sun god's chosen creations, for they were the only ones who could get near him.
Humans could not catch the birds, but they did manage to obtain the eggs the birds laid.
Thus, the eggs were magical objects, a source of life.