Because so many people who are infected will never have problems associated with the virus, doctors do not generally screen for HPV.
Simply knowing you have tested positive for a strain of the HPV virus does not mean you will definitely get cancer or genital warts, it just means that you have been exposed to the virus and are at risk.
Cervical cancer was once the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in the U. Though the number of American women dying from the disease has decreased due to an increase in regular Pap smears, it is still the fifth leading cause of cancer-related death among women worldwide.
No woman should ever have to die of cervical cancer.
Regular Pap smears can detect HPV-induced changes to the cervix early when they are still very treatable.
One of the most astounding scientific realizations of the last 50 years was that cancer could be an infectious disease--specifically, one caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV.
There are more than 100 types of HPV, at least 30 of which are spread by sexual contact.
HPV has been linked to certain types of skin cancers as well as: HPV is an extremely common virus.More than 50 percent of sexually active adults are thought to be infected with at least one strain of the virus, and up to 80 percent of sexually active women will have been exposed to the virus by the time they turn 50. Others will have one or more outbreaks of genital warts, experience pre-cancerous cervical changes, or even develop one or more HPV-related cancers.However, as evidence piled up and research techniques began to improve, people slowly became convinced.It is now widely accepted that HPV causes an estimated 99 percent of cervical cancers.In early 2007, a prestigious medical journal published a paper suggesting that HPV may also be responsible for increases in mouth and throat cancer cases.The main causes of these cancers have historically been smoking and use of oral tobacco.