Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until outside forces dissolved the union in 1814.The deterioration of the Kingdom of Norway, caused by the Black Death, made it possible for Denmark to inherit an expansive colonial empire from this union—of which the Faroe Islands and Greenland are remnants.Beginning in the 17th century, there were several cessions of territory; these culminated in the 1830s with a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945.
Danish dating etiquette
Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948; in Greenland home rule was established in 1979 and further autonomy in 2009.
Denmark became a member of the European Economic Community (now the EU) in 1973, maintaining certain opt-outs; it retains its own currency, the krone.
It is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, and the United Nations; it is also part of the Schengen Area.
of which around 70 are inhabited, with Zealand, the largest and featuring the capital and largest city Copenhagen.
The islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate.
The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea.Denmark, Sweden and Norway were ruled together under the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.The Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy which had begun in 1660.It establishes a constitutional monarchy—the current monarch is Queen Margrethe II—organised as a parliamentary democracy.The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city and main commercial centre.Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs.