However, it wasn't until the 1960s that George Romero's attached the word to the living dead who eat the flesh of the living.
(Note, however, that the flesh-eaters in that movie are never referred to as "zombies," and Romero himself didn't consider them zombies, preferring "ghouls.") As was accidentally entered into the public domain due to an error in the end credits, it quickly became the object of imitation and emulation by many other directors.
Most zombie invasion stories, even those not explicitly based on Romero's films, follow the same conventions, though there are major points of contention.
Their gait can also vary, from limping, sliding their feet on the ground or have the "arms forward" stance, and the more modern variant, the running zombie.
See also Everything's Deader with Zombies, Zombie Apocalypse, Not a Zombie.
From the GQ archive: The nation's most brilliant photographer has spent half a century at the very top of his profession.
Most zombie movies mix-and-match conventions from the Romero and Russo canons.
The Russo canon in particular is the reason most people will respond with "Braaaiinnnns" when zombies come up in conversation, and most depictions along those lines are references to it.
Zombie canon was turned on its head with the release of in 2002, which heavily influenced and popularized the modern trend of super-fast, super-angry zombies (usually infected sort-of-alive humans as opposed to the reanimated dead) that has carried over to numerous works of fiction and entertainment.
Skin color of zombies can also vary widely, ranging from normal color to greens, blues, grays and even other colors.
"If you're going to get into every Tom, Dick, and rage virus reimagining of zombies, we will be here all night.
Romero zombies are the only zombies; we literally cannot advance this conversation otherwise!
"The word "zombie" originated in the voudon beliefs of the Caribbean and West Africa, referring to a body "revived" and enslaved by a sorcerer.
(Some of the oldest aspects of zombie appearance are actually symptoms of tetrodotoxin poisoning, a neurotoxin that may have been used in certain voudon rituals, though the Other Wiki dismisses the possibility on the grounds of not enough similarities between the two.) In this form, it has been known in America since the late 19th century.