Brooklyn

Brooklyn was established in the 1820s across the Mississippi River from St. It was started as a settlement of African Americans escaping slavery, and later became the first black town in America to be incorporated.

The growing town was also called Lovejoy in honor of abolitionist Elijah Lovejoy, who was killed by a pro-slavery mob in nearby Alton, Illinois, in 1837.

Brooklyn grew as a community of craftspeople, laborers, and their families.

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This Web 2.0 portal provides resources for participating and discussing this ongoing project.

Our thanks to the University of Illinois' Community Informatics Initiative for their support of these resources.

In addition to the resources presented here, you can also exchange photo images and stories about Brooklyn's history and heritage on a forum site we have created. You can also visit the Brooklyn community's group site on Facebook, maintained by Robin Bradley. Our group Flickr page provides maps, data images, and photographs which you can mark up with your own comments or questions.

In addition, you can follow our updates through Twitter and Tweetizen.

Follow this link to scan through our Tweetizen updates, which include news in archaeology and history, and click here to join Twitter and contribute your own messages.

In the early 1820s, eleven African American families, some free, some fugitive, crossed the Mississippi River from the slave-state of Missouri to the free state of Illinois to found the first black town in the United States. These laws restricted the occupations blacks could pursue, virtually eliminated their civil rights, and controlled the entry of new blacks into the state.

According to oral tradition, the group was led by Priscilla and John Baltimore, and included the Anderson, Sullivan, Singleton, Wilson, Cox, Wyatt, and Carper families. In addition to its public role as the community's church, Brooklyn A. Aiding runaway slaves was a felony under the Codes, and authorities could expel any African American who could not maintain an income.

The goals of a new archaeology and historical research project are to understand how ethnicity, class, religion, racism, and developing markets influenced the ways in which individuals and families of this community made choices in shaping their natural, social, and built environments and in developing particular social traditions and economic strategies.

An interdisplinary, collaborative research project is underway that includes the University of Illinois Departments of Anthropology and African American Studies, the Illinois State Archaeological Survey Program (formerly called ITARP), and the Illinois State Museum, working in coordination with the Historical Society of Brooklyn.

The Historical Society of Brooklyn has created a Paypal interface so you can make a tax-deductible donation online to support their initiatives and efforts to preserve and celebrate the community's rich heritage.

Please follow this link to make a contribution, and many thanks for your support!

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