Archaeological Dating Methods introduces students to many of the more common dating methods used or found in related literature.
Most of the summarized dating methods may not be used with regularity in the field, but individuals should be informed about their existence, usefulness, and sample collection methods.
Bibliography & Glossary (PDF) Class Outline The Candidate Application and Record of Previous Experience forms.
Absolute dating uses clues, such as the emperor's face on a coin, to date an artifact.
Tree ring dating offers over 1,000 years of clues in dates of artifacts from the American Southwest.
Radiocarbon dating provides additional clues necessary for absolute dating.
Relative dating is an older method of placing events on the calendar of time.
Artifacts from the earliest dates are in the lower levels or strata of Earth.
With the passing of time, new strata form over them.
Thus, the date of an artifact is relative to its location in the levels.
Absolute dating is a method of determining the specific date of a paleontological or archaeological artifact or location based on a specific time scale or calendar.
Scientists base absolute dating on measurable physical or chemical changes or on written records of events.
Continue Reading In the field of archeology, the term "absolute" is somewhat misleading.
Chronometric or calendar dating is a better choice.